Pastry & Bakery History

 

Pastry History

Pastry is a major type of bakers' confectionery. It includes many of the various kinds of baked products made from ingredients such as flour, sugar, milk, butter, shortening, baking powder, and eggs. Small tarts and other sweet baked products are called pastries. Common pastry dishes include pies, tarts, quiches and pasties. Pastry can also refer to the pastry dough, from which such baked products are made.

The European tradition of pastry-making is often traced back to the shortcuts era of flaky dough that was in use throughout the Mediterranean in ancient times. In the ancient Mediterranean, the Romans, Greeks and Phoenicians all had filo-style pastries in their culinary traditions. There is also strong evidence that Egyptians produced pastry-like confections. They had professional bakers that surely had the skills to do so, and they also had needed materials like flour, oil, and honey.

he European tradition of pastry-making is often traced back to the shortcuts era of flaky dough that was in use throughout the Mediterranean in ancient times. In the ancient Mediterranean, the Romans, Greeks and Phoenicians all had filo-style pastries in their culinary traditions. There is also strong evidence that Egyptians produced pastry-like confections. They had professional bakers that surely had the skills to do so, and they also had needed materials like flour, oil, and honey.

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Types :

 

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Short crust pastry:

Short crust pastry is the simplest and most common pastry. It is made with flour, fat, butter, salt, and water to bind the dough. This is used mainly in tarts.

 

 

 

 

 

 


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Flaky pastry:

Flaky pastry is a simple pastry that expands when cooked due to the number of layers. It bakes into a crisp, buttery pastry. The "puff" is obtained by the shard-like layers of fat, most often butter or shortening, creating layers which expand in the heat of the oven when baked.

 

 

 

 

 


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Puff pastry:

Puff pastry has many layers that cause it to expand or “puff” when baked. Puff pastry is made using flour, butter, salt, and water. The pastry rises up due to the water and fats expanding as they turn into steam upon heating.[6] Puff pastries come out of the oven light, flaky, and tender.

 

 

 

 

 


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Choux pastry:

Choux pastry is a very light pastry that is often filled with cream. Unlike other types of pastry, choux is in fact closer to a dough before being cooked

 

 

 

 

 

 


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Phyllo (Filo):

Phyllo is a paper-thin pastry dough that is used in many layers. The phyllo is generally wrapped around a filling and brushed with butter before baking. These pastries are very delicate and flaky.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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Hot water crust pastry:

Hot water crust pastry is used for savory pies, such as pork pies, game pies and, more rarely, steak and kidney pies. Hot water crust is traditionally used for making hand-raised pies. The usual ingredients are hot water, lard and flour, the pastry is made by heating water, melting the fat in this, bringing to the boil, and finally mixing with the flour.

 

 

 

 

 


Bakery History

Baked goods have been around for thousands of years. The art of baking was developed early during the Roman Empire. It was a highly famous art as Roman citizens loved baked goods and demanded for them frequently for important occasions such as feasts and weddings. The bakers began to prepare bread at home in an oven, using mills to grind grain into the flour for their breads. This drastic appeal for baked goods promoted baking all throughout Europe and expanded into the eastern parts of Asia. Bakers started baking breads and goods at home and selling them out on the streets.

This trend became common and soon, baked products were getting sold in streets of Rome, Germany, London and many more. This resulted into a system of delivering the goods to households, as the demand for baked breads and goods significantly increased. World War II directly affected bread industries impact of quality of baking in the UK. Baking schools closed during this time so when the war did eventually end there was an absence of skilled bakers. This resulted in new methods being developed to satisfy the world’s desire for bread.

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Types of bakery products

 

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Donut
A donut, is a type of sweet deep fried pastry. Variations on donut are
popular all over the world, where they are called by a wide variety of names, although the basic
incarnation of fried sweet donut remains the same. The donut is often sprinkled with sugar or other

 

 


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Bagels
A bagel is a bread product, traditionally made of yeasted wheat dough in the form of a roughly hand-
sized ring which is first boiled in water and then baked. The result is a dense, chewy, doughy interior
with a browned and sometimes crisp exterior. Bagels are often topped with seeds baked onto the outer

 

 

 

 


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Muffins
Muffins, usually sweet cupcake-shaped breads, may referred to what most call the English muffin: a flat round yeast bread that is split and toasted. The US type is very different, and is defined as a quick bread, since it doesn’t contain yeast.

 

 

 

 

 

 


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Puffs
Cream puffs are always made with the same method. Water and butter are brought to a boil in a
saucepan, then flour is stirred in all at once. The dough that forms is stirred and cooked for a few
minutes, until it leaves the sides of the pan.

 

 

 

 

 

 


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Rusk
These types of bread are double baked. Rusk are popular teatime snacks .Its hard and rectangular shaped and are available various varieties like milk, aniseed, whole wheat, condensed milk type.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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Buns
Hot cross buns are a type of spicy, sweet yeast bread traditionally exchanged between Christians on
Good Friday, particularly in England. They are also available at other times of the year, and are among the family of yeast leavened pastries available at most bakeries.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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Pastries
Pastry is the name given to various kinds of baked goods made from ingredients such as flour, butter, shortening, baking powder or eggs. It may also refer to the dough from which such baked goods are made. Pastry dough is rolled out thinly and used as a base for baked goods.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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Tortillas
Tortillas  are unleavened  bread made up of corn or wheat flour with water and salt  popular in Latin America but used as staple food by Mexicans equivalent to Indian naan , chapati ,Kulchas or Kaboos from Middle East .

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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Pies
Pies are baked dish containing pastry dough layer having sweet or sour fillings. Two crust covering fillings in complete shell .

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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Pretzel
Other popular form of bakery products are called pretzel. These are  dough piece looped into various shapes   such as  knots and are baked with coating of salt .Pretzel  has cracker like flavor , a crisp , britle texture  with  brown  glossy surface .

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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Dumplings
Cooked balls of dough. They are mainly based on flour and could be made by steaming, frying,
baking or boiling. Dumplings are stuffed with vegetables, meat or sweets.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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Brownies
Brownies is another popular bakery product often served with hot beverages like milk, tea or coffee.
It’s a flat, sliced mostly having chocolate as its main flavor hence the name brownie.e.

 

 

 

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